Goodwill As An Intangible Asset

Goodwill cannot exist independently of the business, nor can it be sold, purchased, or transferred separately. A company’s record of innovation and research and development and the experience of its management team are often included, too. As a result, goodwill has an indefinite useful life, unlike most intangible assets. Under old UK GAAP a number of intangibles, such as customers’ and suppliers’ lists, skilled workforce and unregistered intellectual property, would not normally be recognised. Under FRS 102 they are likely to be recognised as separate intangibles as a result of the business combination.

The accounting treatment for badwill is regulated under the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Statement No. 141 Business Combination. SFAS 141 defines badwill as the difference between the fair market value of an asset and the price paid to acquire it, when the price paid is lower than the fair market value. Identifiable, in this case, means either being separable or arising from contractual or other legally enforceable rights. Intangible assets are non-monetary assets because they have inherent values based on their use in business.

GAAP: Recognition of intangibles and goodwill: old GAAP v FRS 102

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Goodwill As An Intangible Asset

The amount that the acquiring company pays for the target company that is over and above the target’s net assets at fair value usually accounts for the value of the target’s goodwill. Items included in goodwill are proprietary or intellectual property and brand recognition, which are not easily quantifiable. The Goodwill As An Intangible Asset value of a company’s name, brand reputation, loyal customer base, solid customer service, good employee relations, and proprietary technology represent aspects of goodwill. The amortisation charge is recognised in profit or loss unless another IFRS requires that it be included in the cost of another asset.

20 Goodwill

This greater value means that the company generates an above-average income on each dollar invested in the business. Thus, proof of a company’s goodwill is its ability to generate superior earnings or income. Under U.S. GAAP and IFRS, goodwill is never amortized, because it is considered to have an indefinite useful life.

  • If the total carrying amount is higher than the total fair value, impairment is necessary, and the amount must be calculated in step 2.
  • Because a 25% return on assets is exceptionally high, the inference is that part of the company’s profitability was due to the existence of substantial goodwill assets.
  • In business terms, “goodwill” is a catch-all category for assets that cannot be monetized directly or priced individually.
  • Finally, industry and market conditions also affect the value of goodwill.
  • In the second stage of the quantitative assessment, the company scrutinizes the value of the individual assets and liabilities of the reporting unit in order to determine its fair value.

Pooling-of-interests is a former method of accounting governing how the balance sheets of two companies were combined in an acquisition or merger. Acquisition accounting is a set of formal guidelines on reporting assets, liabilities, non-controlling interest, and goodwill. The fair value of the assets was $78.34 billion and the fair value of the liabilities was $45.56 billion. Thus, goodwill for the deal would be recognized as $3.07 billion ($35.85 billion – $32.78 billion), the amount over the difference between the fair value of the assets and liabilities. If a company assesses that acquired net assets fall below the book value or if the amount of goodwill was overstated, then the company must impair or do a write-down on the value of the asset on the balance sheet.